DESIGN OF ALTERNATIVE WAREHOUSE LAYOUT FOR EFFICIENT SPACE UTILIZATION: A CASE OF MODJO DRY PORT
Fasika Bete Georgise1, Bonde Assefa2, Habte Bekele1
1Institute of Technology, Hawassa University, Hawassa, Ethiopia
2College of Engineering & Technology, Bule Hora University, Oromia, Ethiopia
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License CC BY 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited
Warehousing is the glue for supply chain coordination. This function has become more important in dry port management in landlocked countries. Ethiopia is one of the landlocked countries use dry ports to mitigate related challenges. Modjo dry port is one of the largest and currently more than 95% of freights flow and first dry port. The flows of unstuffed containers in terminal increase the influences the warehouse operation, the existing dedicated volume of warehouse becomes beyond the dedicated capacity of the warehouse. The layout of the warehouse is not standardized for the flow of freight inside the warehouse. Therefore, the study intends to propose the modified scenarios for the existing warehouse layouts for the reduction of congestion from the warehouse and this, in turn, reduces congestion from the terminal of the dry port. The primary and secondary data were collected to accomplish the study. The primary data were collected by field observation, field survey and secondary data was collected by documented data of dry port. Using analytical hierarchical procedure the Modjo dry port should have to use the layout IV, II, I and III those have the composite weight of 31.63%, 29.199 %, 26.997 %, and 12.17% respectively as well as AHP factors like suitability for travel, store space, proximity to inspection area, and accessibility for forklift scores 7.93%, 51.47%, 5.41%, and 35.19% of priority vector respectively for the selection of alternative layouts. Therefore, Modjo dry port and terminal should have to use pallet racks as per the alternative layout proposed.
Dry Port, Warehouse, Layout Design, Space Utilization