FUTURE OF WASTE TO ENERGY : CASE STUDY OF LIBYA
Monaem Elmnifi, Moneer Amhamed
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Bright Star University, Libya 2Electrecity Company, Elmarj, Libya
Libya is one of the world’s oil-producing countries and owns the world’s eighth oil reserves. This situation has led to rapid growth in the country’s electricity demand and municipal solid waste generation (MSW). The project proposes a brilliant plan for the use of renewable energy, including waste-to-energy facilities (WTE). This research assesses the potential contribution of WTE facilities to the peak energy demand in Libya until 2030, based on two scenarios: mass incineration and mass combustion with recycling of the whole nation and for six urban areas in the Libya. The analysis shows the possibility of producing about 197 MW (MW) based on the overall incineration scenario and about 57 MW on a mass burn basis with a recycling scenario. These values amount to about 0.82% and 0.24% of the expected 2030 peak electricity demand of 24.1Gigawatt. The expected results for each of the scenarios can be used to design future WTE facilities in the major cities of Libya. It is recommended that further investigations be conducted to assess the scenarios based on financial, social, technical and environmental standards.
Renewable energy Waste-to-energy (WTE), Municipal solid waste (MSW), Incineration Libya