Pages 20-28
Year 2022
Issue 1
Volume 11


Khelood A. Mkalaf, Rami Hikmat Al-Hadeethi, Ammar Al-Bazi

Doi: 10.7508/aiem.01.2022.20.28

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License CC BY 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited


An organization’s work environment is considered an essential factor in maximizing its value; therefore, a professional work environment ensures higher worker safety and fewer professional accidents by offering offices with suitable environment designs that contribute to maintaining the health and welfare of employees. Therefore, a new conceptual framework is introduced to identify the causes of sudden job accidents and their effect on employees’ safety. This study develops an occupational safety model based on ISO 45001:2018 standards for optimizing the industrial professional work environment that seeks to adopt the Occupational Safety, Health, and Environment standards (OSHE) to reduce work accident risks like industrial companies of renewable energy and sustainability. This model identifies fundamental factors that have a risk level on workers’ lives, which might expose staff lives to death, injury, and disability. These factors include the industrial professional environment, work accidents, current OSHE procedures, and the effectiveness of current health insurance.

Based on quantitative analysis methods to evaluate risk-based work accidents, this study proved a significant relationship between the characteristics of the industrial occupational environment in the selected factories and the increase in sudden work accidents. The main suggestion is that industrial company needs to adopt the OSHE ISO45001:2018 standards.

OSHE, ISO-45001: 2018 Standards, Occupational Risk, Industrial Professional Environment, Environmental Sustainability, Occupational Health